Current Industry Standards
New standards for walkway safety have been developed in the industry and we are committed to helping our clients maintain safe walkway surfaces that meet each of these standards. Safety is our goal.
Stay up-to-date with the latest safety regulations and requirements and get in-depth information to ensure you’re in compliance.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A326.3
This standard describes the test method for measuring the dynamic coefficient of friction (DCOF) of ALL hard surface flooring materials.
- Can be used in the laboratory or in the field.
- Can be used under prevailing conditions or clean conditions.
- Hard surface flooring materials suitable for level interior spaces expected to be walked upon when wet with water, shall have a wet DCOF of 0.42 or greater when tested using SBR sensor material and SLS solution as per this standard.
- Hard surface flooring materials suitable for level interior spaces not intended to be walked upon when wet, shall have a dry DCOF of 0.42 or greater when tested using SBR sensor material per this standard.
Section 9.6.1 describes the test protocol for testing the Wet DCOF value of ceramic tile.
- Section 184.108.40.206.10 sets a Wet DCOF threshold of 0.42 or greater for tiles meant to be walked on when wet.
- The standard applies to mosaic tile, quarry tile, porcelain tile, and specialty tile.
Difference Between SCOF & DCOF Testing
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA does not have any standards that mandate a particular COF for walkways, but rather defers to ANSI measurement standards. A non-mandatory OSHA proposal from 1990 mentions an SCOF value of 0.6 but this proposal was never approved or adopted.
Sec. 2910.22 (d) of OSHA General Requirements
- (1) the employer must ensure through regular and periodic inspection and maintenance, that walking-working surfaces are in a safe condition for employee use
- (2) the employer must ensure that all hazardous conditions are promptly corrected
OSHA General Duty Clause (GDC)
- Requires employers to keep the workplace “free from recognized hazards”
- Determining factor is that the hazard SHOULD HAVE been recognized, not whether it was actually recognized
- OSHA may consider failure to follow an ANSI standard as a violation of the GDC if following the standard would have prevented an injury
- OSHA’s GDC is the mechanism used by OSHA to reduce the number of slip, trip and fall incidents.
OSHA GDC violations presume that four elements are present:
- A hazard can be recognized
- The “recognized hazard” is not removed
- The “recognized hazard” is likely to cause physical harm
- A feasible means is available to measure and remove/reduce the hazard
This standard is currently used by OSHA to enforce slip, trip and fall safety standards in healthcare facilities.